WP3: Justice, Crisis and (At-)Risk Populations
This WP examines experiences of global crisis and domination, which often induce specific transformations of judicial institutions and practices and, as times and contexts of exception and experiment bring about fundamental shifts in justice-citizen relationships. The focus is on how contexts of crisis or domination affect and are experienced by specific populations subject to justice, and how these, in turn, develop their own mechanisms transforming dominant society.
The research firstly addresses experiences of military domination, including the repression and resistance during periods of French, Dutch, German or Belgian domination/occupation; the role and status of military justice; and post-war retributive policies (amnesty, “incivism”). A second research axis focuses on contexts of colonial domination, examining both colonial law and justice and police systems in the Belgian “colonial empire” (Congo, Ruanda Urundi), in the framework of European colonization. Within both research axes, particular attention is paid to the question how, in contexts of crisis and/or domination, specific risk and at-risk populations are defined, policed and possibly confined: from ‘rebellious’ populations, political opponents and war collaborators, to gypsies, refugees and migrants in contemporary globalized society.
Partners involved: UCL, UGent, UNamur, Cegesoma, RMA, HU-Berlin
- Mélanie Bost, The Legacy of the First World War on the Belgian Judicial System
- Thomas Dufour, ‘Worthy or Unworthy to Serve at the Front’: Post-war Inquiry, Sanctioning and its Career-altering Effects on Belgian Officers, Captured During the Fall of the ‘Fortified Position of Liège’ in 1914
- Helen Grevers, Collaborators, Justice and Society: A Social History of the Punishment of Collaboration in Belgium after WWII
- Pascaline Le Polain, Justice and Coerced Labour in the Belgian Congo during World War Two (1940–1945). Supervision of the War Effort in the Territory of Libenge
- Dimitri Roden, The German Military Courts in Occupied Belgium (1940–1944)
- Lawrence Van Haecke, The Internment of Belgian Officers and Soldiers in the Netherlands during the First World War: From the Origins to the Post-War Political and Judicial Consequences for those Involved
- Jan Julia Zurné, Justice, Police and Resistance. Policies and Consequences 1940–1950
- Project “Data Collection”: Belgians before the Bars of Berlin (Common Law and Special) Penal Courts during World War II (HU-Berlin)
Associated research projects
- Laurence Petrone, Democracy in Crisis. An Anatomy of Extrajudicial Detention in Western Europe (1914–1950) (Cegesoma)
- Gerlinda Swillen, Conceived by the Second World War - War Children on the Axis Brussels-Berlin. Creation – Birth – Care (Cegesoma)
Some realisations of WP3
- International conference Policing Empires : Social Control, Political Transition, (Post)Colonial Legacies (Brussels, 12-13 December 2013, co-organised with WP2)
- International conference Belgians before Berlin Penal Courts: Forced Labor, Control and Repression in the Reichshauptstadt during the Second World War (Berlin, 20 March 2014)
- International conference Foreign forced labor and the Berlin penal courts, 1939-1949-Ausländische Zwangsarbeiterinnen und Zwangsarbeiter und die Berliner Justiz, 1939-1945 (Berlin, 23 February 2015)
- International conference Forced and Coerced Labour: Comparing Colonial Spaces and Global Conflicts (Brussels, 19 March 2015, co-organised with WP2)
- Study day Ressources et usages des archives de la justice militaire – Bronnen en onderzoekenperspectieven i.v.m. het militair gerecht (Brussels, 30 April 2015)
- WP3 International conference Doing Justice in Wartime. Multiple Interplays between Justice & Populations during the Two World Wars (Brussels, 3-4 December 2015)
The Interuniversity Attraction Pole P7/22 "Justice & Populations: The Belgian Experience in International Perspective, 1795-2015" (BeJust 2.0) is part of the Interuniversity Attraction Poles Programme Phase VII (2012-2017), financed by the Belgian Science Policy Office of the Belgian State.
The IAP VII/22 Justice & Populations www.bejust.be is the outcome of a collaboration between the Cegesoma, the IAP coordination team (CHDJ-UCL) and the Royal Military Academy. Design: tangografix. Powered by Drupal